This class provides a meticulous understanding of Anatomy and Physiology of the human organ systems key to one's yogic practice, with a brief discussion of the remaining organ systems. The correlation between the physiology and the psycho-philosophical nature of the human organ systems is also discussed.
- Muscular System: Muscle classification, histology, properties, distribution, mechanism of muscle contraction, neuromuscular transmission, ligaments and tendons.
- Skeletal System: Bone types, structure and function, spinal column, joints, end field restrictions.
- Lymphatic and Immune System: Function of the lymphatic system, major and accessory organs (lymph, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, thymus, capillaries), composition of blood corpuscles (red blood corpuscles, white blood corpuscles, platelets). Plasma, lymph, hemoglobin, coagulation of blood and anticoagulants, blood groups and their importance, lymphatic system, immunity types and mechanism of immunity. Relationship of the lymphatic system to pranamaya kosha.
- Cardiovascular System: Function of the cardiovascular system, major and accessory organs (the heart, blood vessels – veins, arteries). Properties of cardiac muscle, control of cardiac cycle and circulation, cardiac output, blood pressure, heart rate. Relationship of cardiovascular system to annamaya kosha.
- Respiratory System: Function of the respiratory system, major organs (nasal cavity, trachea, lungs, bronchioles, bronchiole trees, alveolar sacs, diaphragm, chest, shoulder and back muscles). Mechanism of breathing, exchange of gases, pulmonary function tests, lung volume, control of respiration. Relationship of respiratory system to annamaya kosha.
- Digestive System: Function of digestive system, major and accessory organs (mouth, salivary glands, tongue, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder, small and large intestines). Mechanism of secretion of: saliva, gastric juice, pancreatic enzymes, bile, intestinal secretions. Role of these secretions in digestion of food, absorption and assimilation of nutrients and excretion of feces. Relationship of digestive system to annamaya kosha.
- Endocrine System: Function of endocrine system, major and accessory organs (thyroid, parathyroid, hypothalamus, thalamus, adrenal glands, hippocampus, pituitary gland, reproductive glands). Hormones produced by these glands and their effect on hypo- and hyperactivity of the body. Role of insulin in glucose metabolism. Relationship of endocrine system to manomaya kosha.
- Nervous System: Function of nervous system, major and accessory organs (brain, spinal column, cranial nerves, spinal nerves). Gross anatomy of the brain: cerebrum, cerebellum, spinal cord. Physiology and important connections of cerebrum, pons, medulla, thalamus, hypothalamus, pineal gland, pituitary gland, cerebellum. Physiology of Somatic Nervous System and Autonomic Nervous System: Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System. Relationship of nervous system to manomaya kosha.